Online ISSN: 2331-4737

Oncoscience

Latest

Breast cancer detection is improving, but what about breast cancer therapy options?

February 6, 2018
The increased use of mammograms to screen for breast cancer has increased the number of women diagnosed with breast cancer each year. But once a patient is diagnosed with breast cancer, how can doctors determine prognosis and breast cancer therapy options? One challenge arises from the fact that the earliest forms of breast cancer do not necessarily turn into invasive, life-threatening cancers. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DICS) is the early form of breast cancer that forms inside the breasts’ milk ducts. Although DICS has not head spread to other section of the breast, determining whether it will can have a… continue reading »

Analyzing patterns of a rare skin cancer to predict outcomes

February 6, 2018
Researchers analyzing patterns of a rare skin cancer to predict outcomes have identified certain factors associated with higher mortality among patients with an aggressive form of skin cancer called Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). By analyzing nearly 7,900 cases of MCC from a database, researchers may be able to use the information to create algorithms that can predict survival or guide treatment decisions. MCC is a painless, raised, reddish-blue nodule that progresses rapidly and frequently affects Caucasian patients over 50 years old at sun-exposed sites, such as the head and neck. Although the cancer is rare, the number of MCC cases… continue reading »

DNA repair problems may affect breast cancer treatment with hormones

January 18, 2018
Breast cancer is among the most common and most studied types of cancer. Part of the prevalence of breast cancer is a result of how breast tissue develops and how cancer grows. Each time a cell divides, the DNA of that cell is used to create new cells. It is at these moments that DNA is most vulnerable to damage; although the risk of damage is small, when that risk is present in millions of cell divisions, the potential for some damage to occur increases. Breast tissue is especially likely to experience this kind of damage because it replicates faster… continue reading »

Oncoscience

Latest

What causes child nerve cancer?

January 18, 2018
Neuroblastoma, a type of nerve cancer that’s relatively common in children, has unknown causes. Adding to the confusion surrounding the condition, some forms of neuroblastoma disappear on their own without requiring significant treatment. Recently, several researchers have collaborated to make major breakthroughs on the origin and root causes of neuroblastoma. Researchers based in Japan reported on these breakthroughs in a recent editorial in Oncoscience. Research on the development of early nerve cells may provide insight into the formation of neuroblastoma. Cancer in young cells In the first major paper, researchers examined how nerve cells develop. Before fully developed nerve cells… continue reading »